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On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      consensus
      game theory
      incentives
      schema mappings
      Semantic interoperability
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      518210 Data Processing, Hosting, and Related Services
    • Abstract:
      Today's complex online applications often require the interaction of multiple (web) services that belong to potentially different business entities. Interoperability is a core element of such an environment, yet not a straightforward one due to the lack of common data semantics. The problem is often approached by means of standardization procedures in a top-down manner with limited adoption in practice. (De facto) standards for semantic interoperability most commonly emerge in a bottom-up approach, i.e., involving the interaction and information exchange among self-interested industrial agents. In this paper, we argue that the emergence of semantic interoperability can be seen as an economic process among rational agents and, although interoperability can be mutually beneficial for the involved parties, it may also be costly and might fail to emerge. As a sample scenario, we consider the emergence of semantic interoperability among rational web service agents in service-oriented architectures (SOAs), and we analyze their individual economic incentives with respect to utility, risk and cost. We model this process as a positive-sum game and study its equilibrium and evolutionary dynamics. According to our analysis, which is also experimentally verified, certain conditions on the communication cost, the cost of technological adaptation, the expected mutual benefit from interoperability, as well as the expected loss from isolation, drive the process. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Web Intelligence (2405-6456) is the property of IOS Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Iranian Research Institute for Information Science and Technology, Iran
      2Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
    • ISSN:
      2405-6456
    • Accession Number:
      10.3233/WEB-150327
    • Accession Number:
      115646885
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VAKILI, G.; PAPAIOANNOU, T. G.; ABERER, K. On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents. Web Intelligence (2405-6456), [s. l.], v. 13, n. 4, p. 295–312, 2015. DOI 10.3233/WEB-150327. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=115646885&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 8 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Vakili G, Papaioannou TG, Aberer K. On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents. Web Intelligence (2405-6456). 2015;13(4):295-312. doi:10.3233/WEB-150327
    • APA:
      Vakili, G., Papaioannou, T. G., & Aberer, K. (2015). On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents. Web Intelligence (2405-6456), 13(4), 295–312. https://doi.org/10.3233/WEB-150327
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Vakili, Golnaz, Thanasis G. Papaioannou, and Karl Aberer. 2015. “On the Emergence of Semantic Agreement among Rational Agents.” Web Intelligence (2405-6456) 13 (4): 295–312. doi:10.3233/WEB-150327.
    • Harvard:
      Vakili, G., Papaioannou, T. G. and Aberer, K. (2015) ‘On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents’, Web Intelligence (2405-6456), 13(4), pp. 295–312. doi: 10.3233/WEB-150327.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Vakili, G, Papaioannou, TG & Aberer, K 2015, ‘On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents’, Web Intelligence (2405-6456), vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 295–312, viewed 8 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Vakili, Golnaz, et al. “On the Emergence of Semantic Agreement among Rational Agents.” Web Intelligence (2405-6456), vol. 13, no. 4, Oct. 2015, pp. 295–312. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3233/WEB-150327.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Vakili, Golnaz, Thanasis G. Papaioannou, and Karl Aberer. “On the Emergence of Semantic Agreement among Rational Agents.” Web Intelligence (2405-6456) 13, no. 4 (October 2015): 295–312. doi:10.3233/WEB-150327.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Vakili G, Papaioannou TG, Aberer K. On the emergence of semantic agreement among rational agents. Web Intelligence (2405-6456) [Internet]. 2015 Oct [cited 2020 Aug 8];13(4):295–312. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=115646885&custid=s8280428