Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      attention
      cultural differences
      distractibility
      implicit memory
    • Abstract:
      We investigated differences between participants of East Asian and Western descent in attention to and implicit memory for irrelevant words which participants were instructed to ignore while completing a target task (a Stroop Task in Experiment 1 and a 1-back task on pictures in Experiment 2). Implicit memory was measured using two conceptual priming tasks (category generation in Experiment 1 and general knowledge in Experiment 2). Participants of East Asian descent showed reliable implicit memory for previous distractors relative to those of Western descent with no evidence of differences on target task performance. We also found differences in a Corsi Block spatial memory task in both studies, with superior performance by the East Asian group. Our findings suggest that cultural differences in attention extend to task-irrelevant background information, and demonstrate for the first time that such information can boost performance when it becomes relevant on a subsequent task. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada
      2Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    • Full Text Word Count:
      7502
    • ISSN:
      0007-1269
    • Accession Number:
      10.1111/bjop.12194
    • Accession Number:
      122273540
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      AMER, T.; NGO, K. W. J.; HASHER, L. Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing. British Journal of Psychology, [s. l.], v. 108, n. 2, p. 244–258, 2017. DOI 10.1111/bjop.12194. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=122273540&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Amer T, Ngo KWJ, Hasher L. Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing. British Journal of Psychology. 2017;108(2):244-258. doi:10.1111/bjop.12194.
    • APA:
      Amer, T., Ngo, K. W. J., & Hasher, L. (2017). Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing. British Journal of Psychology, 108(2), 244–258. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12194
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Amer, Tarek, K. W. Joan Ngo, and Lynn Hasher. 2017. “Cultural Differences in Visual Attention: Implications for Distraction Processing.” British Journal of Psychology 108 (2): 244–58. doi:10.1111/bjop.12194.
    • Harvard:
      Amer, T., Ngo, K. W. J. and Hasher, L. (2017) ‘Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing’, British Journal of Psychology, 108(2), pp. 244–258. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12194.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Amer, T, Ngo, KWJ & Hasher, L 2017, ‘Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing’, British Journal of Psychology, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 244–258, viewed 19 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Amer, Tarek, et al. “Cultural Differences in Visual Attention: Implications for Distraction Processing.” British Journal of Psychology, vol. 108, no. 2, May 2017, pp. 244–258. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/bjop.12194.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Amer, Tarek, K. W. Joan Ngo, and Lynn Hasher. “Cultural Differences in Visual Attention: Implications for Distraction Processing.” British Journal of Psychology 108, no. 2 (May 2017): 244–58. doi:10.1111/bjop.12194.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Amer T, Ngo KWJ, Hasher L. Cultural differences in visual attention: Implications for distraction processing. British Journal of Psychology [Internet]. 2017 May [cited 2020 Jan 19];108(2):244–58. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=122273540&custid=s8280428