Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Africa
      Biology and life sciences
      Computer and information sciences
      Earth sciences
      Epidemiology
      Geographic distribution
      Geographic information systems
      Geographical locations
      Geography
      Geoinformatics
      HIV epidemiology
      Immunodeficiency viruses
      Lentivirus
      Medical microbiology
      Medical risk factors
      Medicine and health sciences
      Microbial pathogens
      Microbiology
      Organisms
      Pathogens
      Pathology and laboratory medicine
      People and places
      Population biology
      Population dynamics
      Research Article
      Retroviruses
      RNA viruses
      South Africa
      Spatial analysis
      Viral pathogens
      Viruses
    • Abstract:
      Introduction: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial analysis are emerging tools for global health, but it is unclear to what extent they have been applied to HIV research in Africa. To help inform researchers and program implementers, this scoping review documents the range and depth of published HIV-related GIS and spatial analysis research studies conducted in Africa. Methods: A systematic literature search for articles related to GIS and spatial analysis was conducted through PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases. Using pre-specified inclusion criteria, articles were screened and key data were abstracted. Grounded, inductive analysis was conducted to organize studies into meaningful thematic areas. Results and discussion: The search returned 773 unique articles, of which 65 were included in the final review. 15 different countries were represented. Over half of the included studies were published after 2014. Articles were categorized into the following non-mutually exclusive themes: (a) HIV geography, (b) HIV risk factors, and (c) HIV service implementation. Studies demonstrated a broad range of GIS and spatial analysis applications including characterizing geographic distribution of HIV, evaluating risk factors for HIV, and assessing and improving access to HIV care services. Conclusions: GIS and spatial analysis have been widely applied to HIV-related research in Africa. The current literature reveals a diversity of themes and methodologies and a relatively young, but rapidly growing, evidence base. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States of America
      2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States of America
      3Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, MD, United States of America
      4Department of Pathology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
    • Full Text Word Count:
      12779
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0216388
    • Accession Number:
      136230873
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BOYDA, D. C. et al. Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 5, p. 1–22, 2019. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 13 nov. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Boyda DC, Holzman SB, Berman A, Grabowski MK, Chang LW. Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(5):1-22. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216388.
    • APA:
      Boyda, D. C., Holzman, S. B., Berman, A., Grabowski, M. K., & Chang, L. W. (2019). Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review. PLoS ONE, 14(5), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216388
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Boyda, Danielle C., Samuel B. Holzman, Amanda Berman, M. Kathyrn Grabowski, and Larry W. Chang. 2019. “Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Analysis, and HIV in Africa: A Scoping Review.” PLoS ONE 14 (5): 1–22. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216388.
    • Harvard:
      Boyda, D. C. et al. (2019) ‘Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review’, PLoS ONE, 14(5), pp. 1–22. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216388.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Boyda, DC, Holzman, SB, Berman, A, Grabowski, MK & Chang, LW 2019, ‘Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review’, PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 1–22, viewed 13 November 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Boyda, Danielle C., et al. “Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Analysis, and HIV in Africa: A Scoping Review.” PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 5, May 2019, pp. 1–22. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216388.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Boyda, Danielle C., Samuel B. Holzman, Amanda Berman, M. Kathyrn Grabowski, and Larry W. Chang. “Geographic Information Systems, Spatial Analysis, and HIV in Africa: A Scoping Review.” PLoS ONE 14, no. 5 (May 3, 2019): 1–22. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0216388.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Boyda DC, Holzman SB, Berman A, Grabowski MK, Chang LW. Geographic Information Systems, spatial analysis, and HIV in Africa: A scoping review. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2019 May 3 [cited 2019 Nov 13];14(5):1–22. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=136230873&custid=s8280428