Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Careers in research
      Communications
      Computer and information sciences
      Computer networks
      Health care
      Health care policy
      Internet
      Journalism
      Mass media
      Medical humanities
      Medical journals
      Medicine and health sciences
      People and places
      Population groupings
      Professions
      Research and analysis methods
      Research Article
      Research design
      Science and technology workforce
      Science policy
      Scientific publishing
      Scientists
      Social sciences
      Sociology
      Survey research
      Surveys
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      711510 Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers
      711512 Independent actors, comedians and performers
      711513 Independent writers and authors
    • Abstract:
      Medical experts are one of the main sources used by journalists in reporting on medical science. This study aims to 1) identify problems that medical experts encounter in contacts with the media representatives, 2) elucidate their attitudes about interactions with journalists and 3) reflect on solutions that could improve the quality of medical journalism. By using in-depth interviews, focus groups and a survey directed to 600 medical experts in 21 countries, this cohort study elucidates medical experts’ experiences and views on participating in popular media. A strong interest in interacting with the media was identified among the experts, where nearly one fifth of the respondents in the survey claimed that they contacted the media more than 10 times per year. Six obstacles for improving the quality of medical reporting in the media were found: deadlines, headlines, choice of topic or angle, journalist’s level of medical knowledge, differences in professional culture and colleagues’ opinions. The main concern among experts was that short deadlines and exaggerated headlines could harm journalistic quality. It is possible that this is partly due to ongoing changes in the media landscape with many new platforms and less control functions. Nevertheless, for several reasons many experts have great interest in interacting with the media, something that could contribute to better communication and fewer misunderstandings. Our results highlight factors like expert networks, media training for scientists and regular meetings that may facilitate communication between medical experts and medical reporters. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Science, Danderyd University Hospital, Danderyd, Sweden
      2KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Science for Life Laboratory, Solna, Sweden
      3Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
      4Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    • Full Text Word Count:
      5312
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0220897
    • Accession Number:
      138582111
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LARSSON, A. et al. Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 9, p. 1–12, 2019. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 out. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Larsson A, Appel S, Sundberg CJ, Rosenqvist M. Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(9):1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220897.
    • APA:
      Larsson, A., Appel, S., Sundberg, C. J., & Rosenqvist, M. (2019). Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists. PLoS ONE, 14(9), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220897
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Larsson, Anna, Susanna Appel, Carl Johan Sundberg, and Mårten Rosenqvist. 2019. “Medicine and the Media: Medical Experts’ Problems and Solutions While Working with Journalists.” PLoS ONE 14 (9): 1–12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220897.
    • Harvard:
      Larsson, A. et al. (2019) ‘Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists’, PLoS ONE, 14(9), pp. 1–12. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0220897.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Larsson, A, Appel, S, Sundberg, CJ & Rosenqvist, M 2019, ‘Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists’, PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1–12, viewed 16 October 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Larsson, Anna, et al. “Medicine and the Media: Medical Experts’ Problems and Solutions While Working with Journalists.” PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 9, Sept. 2019, pp. 1–12. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220897.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Larsson, Anna, Susanna Appel, Carl Johan Sundberg, and Mårten Rosenqvist. “Medicine and the Media: Medical Experts’ Problems and Solutions While Working with Journalists.” PLoS ONE 14, no. 9 (September 12, 2019): 1–12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220897.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Larsson A, Appel S, Sundberg CJ, Rosenqvist M. Medicine and the media: Medical experts’ problems and solutions while working with journalists. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2019 Sep 12 [cited 2019 Oct 16];14(9):1–12. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=138582111&custid=s8280428