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Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Adolescents
      Children
      Controlled before-after studies
      Low- and middle-income countries
      Meta-analysis
      Nutrition
      Randomized controlled trials
      School feeding
      School meal
      Systematic review
    • Abstract:
      Background: School feeding programs are beneficial for the physical, mental, and psychosocial development of school-age children and adolescents, particularly those in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). While school feeding programs are ubiquitous in LMICs, the specific benefits of school feeding programs are unclear. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the impacts of school feeding programs on the educational and health outcomes of children and adolescents in LMICs. Methods: Rigorously designed interventional studies on the impacts of school feeding on nutritional and health outcomes of children and adolescents receiving primary or secondary education in LMICs will be included. The following information sources were used to identify relevant published or unpublished studies: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, and governmental or organizational websites. The risk of bias of randomized and non-randomized studies will be assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and the ROBINS-I tool, respectively. Two reviewers will independently conduct the selection of studies, data extraction, and assessment of the risk of bias. A narrative synthesis of all the included studies will be provided. Meta-analyses will be performed whenever appropriate. Heterogeneity of effects will be assessed by I2, subgroup analyses, and meta-regression. The certainty of evidence for each outcome will be assessed using the Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. Discussion: The design and implementation of school feeding programs in LMICs should be based on the understanding of the benefits of such programs. This work will provide a crucial evidence base for the educational and health benefits of school feeding on children and adolescents in LMICs. Systematic review registration: This protocol was submitted for registration with the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) on November 18, 2019 (registration number: pending). [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Systematic Reviews is the property of BioMed Central and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, 90 Smith Street, 310 WS-5, 02120, Boston, MA, USA
      2Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
      3Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    • Full Text Word Count:
      5895
    • ISSN:
      2046-4053
    • Accession Number:
      10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6
    • Accession Number:
      142270533
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WANG, D.; FAWZI, W. W. Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews, [s. l.], v. 9, n. 1, p. 1–8, 2020. DOI 10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=142270533&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 1 jun. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Wang D, Fawzi WW. Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews. 2020;9(1):1-8. doi:10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6.
    • APA:
      Wang, D., & Fawzi, W. W. (2020). Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews, 9(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Wang, Dongqing, and Wafaie W. Fawzi. 2020. “Impacts of School Feeding on Educational and Health Outcomes of School-Age Children and Adolescents in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Systematic Reviews 9 (1): 1–8. doi:10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6.
    • Harvard:
      Wang, D. and Fawzi, W. W. (2020) ‘Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis’, Systematic Reviews, 9(1), pp. 1–8. doi: 10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Wang, D & Fawzi, WW 2020, ‘Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis’, Systematic Reviews, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–8, viewed 1 June 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Wang, Dongqing, and Wafaie W. Fawzi. “Impacts of School Feeding on Educational and Health Outcomes of School-Age Children and Adolescents in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Systematic Reviews, vol. 9, no. 1, Mar. 2020, pp. 1–8. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Wang, Dongqing, and Wafaie W. Fawzi. “Impacts of School Feeding on Educational and Health Outcomes of School-Age Children and Adolescents in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Systematic Reviews 9, no. 1 (March 16, 2020): 1–8. doi:10.1186/s13643-020-01317-6.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Wang D, Fawzi WW. Impacts of school feeding on educational and health outcomes of school-age children and adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic Reviews [Internet]. 2020 Mar 16 [cited 2020 Jun 1];9(1):1–8. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=142270533&custid=s8280428