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Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior

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  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      Abstract: In humans, conscious perception and cognition depends upon the thalamocortical (T-C) complex, which supports perception, explicit cognition, memory, language, planning, and strategic control. When parts of the T-C system are damaged or stimulated, corresponding effects are found on conscious contents and state, as assessed by reliable reports. In contrast, large regions like cerebellum and basal ganglia can be damaged without affecting conscious cognition directly. Functional brain recordings also show robust activity differences in cortex between experimentally matched conscious and unconscious events. This basic anatomy and physiology is highly conserved in mammals and perhaps ancestral reptiles. While language is absent in other species, homologies in perception, memory, and motor cortex suggest that consciousness of one kind or another may be biologically fundamental and phylogenetically ancient. In humans we infer subjective experiences from behavioral and brain evidence. This evidence is quite similar in other mammals and perhaps some non-mammalian species. On the weight of the biological evidence, therefore, subjectivity may be conserved in species with human-like brains and behavior. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Consciousness & Cognition is the property of Academic Press Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1The Neurosciences Institute, San Diego, CA, USA
    • ISSN:
      1053-8100
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002
    • Accession Number:
      16736551
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BAARS, B. J. Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior. Consciousness & Cognition, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 1, p. 7–21, 2005. DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=16736551&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 29 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Baars BJ. Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior. Consciousness & Cognition. 2005;14(1):7-21. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002
    • APA:
      Baars, B. J. (2005). Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior. Consciousness & Cognition, 14(1), 7–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Baars, Bernard J. 2005. “Subjective Experience Is Probably Not Limited to Humans: The Evidence from Neurobiology and Behavior.” Consciousness & Cognition 14 (1): 7–21. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002.
    • Harvard:
      Baars, B. J. (2005) ‘Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior’, Consciousness & Cognition, 14(1), pp. 7–21. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Baars, BJ 2005, ‘Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior’, Consciousness & Cognition, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 7–21, viewed 29 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Baars, Bernard J. “Subjective Experience Is Probably Not Limited to Humans: The Evidence from Neurobiology and Behavior.” Consciousness & Cognition, vol. 14, no. 1, Mar. 2005, pp. 7–21. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Baars, Bernard J. “Subjective Experience Is Probably Not Limited to Humans: The Evidence from Neurobiology and Behavior.” Consciousness & Cognition 14, no. 1 (March 2005): 7–21. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.002.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Baars BJ. Subjective experience is probably not limited to humans: The evidence from neurobiology and behavior. Consciousness & Cognition [Internet]. 2005 Mar [cited 2020 Oct 29];14(1):7–21. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=16736551&custid=s8280428