Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This paper examines the patterns of entry into self-employment in urban and rural China and across different reform stages, focusing on how communist cadres have responded to new market opportunities. Analysis of data from a national representative survey shows that both education and cadre status deter people from entry into self-employment in urban areas but not in rural areas. However, urban cadres have become increasingly more likely to be self-employed over time, and only those who became self-employed in the late reform stage have enjoyed higher income returns. The paper concludes that the labor mobility process should be taken into account in studying changes in advantages/disadvantages associated with different social groups in post-socialist transition economies. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Social Forces is the property of Oxford University Press / USA and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0037-7732
    • Accession Number:
      22490747
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      XIAOGANG WU. Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996. Social Forces, [s. l.], v. 85, n. 1, p. 389–411, 2006. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 29 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Xiaogang Wu. Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996. Social Forces. 2006;85(1):389-411. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428. Accessed January 29, 2020.
    • APA:
      Xiaogang Wu. (2006). Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996. Social Forces, 85(1), 389–411. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Xiaogang Wu. 2006. “Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-Employment in China, 1978-1996.” Social Forces 85 (1): 389–411. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Xiaogang Wu (2006) ‘Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996’, Social Forces, 85(1), pp. 389–411. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 29 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Xiaogang Wu 2006, ‘Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996’, Social Forces, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 389–411, viewed 29 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Xiaogang Wu. “Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-Employment in China, 1978-1996.” Social Forces, vol. 85, no. 1, Sept. 2006, pp. 389–411. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Xiaogang Wu. “Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-Employment in China, 1978-1996.” Social Forces 85, no. 1 (September 2006): 389–411. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Xiaogang Wu. Communist Cadres and Market Opportunities: Entry into Self-employment in China, 1978-1996. Social Forces [Internet]. 2006 Sep [cited 2020 Jan 29];85(1):389–411. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=22490747&custid=s8280428