Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Alcohol
      brand
      control states
      license states
      price
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      312140 Distilleries
      413220 Alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers
      424820 Wine and Distilled Alcoholic Beverage Merchant Wholesalers
      445310 Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores
      921190 Other General Government Support
      913910 Other local, municipal and regional public administration
      912910 Other provincial and territorial public administration
      911910 Other federal government public administration
    • Abstract:
      Aims This study aims to compare the average price of liquor in the United States between retail alcohol outlets in states that have a monopoly ('control' states) with those that do not ('licence' states). Design A cross-sectional study of brand-specific alcohol prices in the United States. Setting We determined the average prices in February 2012 of 74 brands of liquor among the 13 control states that maintain a monopoly on liquor sales at the retail level and among a sample of 50 license-state liquor stores, using their online-available prices. Measurements We calculated average prices for 74 brands of liquor by control versus license state. We used a random-effects regression model to estimate differences between control and license state prices-overall and by alcoholic beverage type. We also compared prices between the 13 control states. Findings The overall mean price for the 74 brands was $27.79 in the license states [95% confidence interval ( CI): $25.26-30.32] and $29.82 in the control states (95% CI: $26.98-32.66). Based on the random-effects linear regression model, the average liquor price was approximately $2 lower (6.9% lower) in license states. Conclusions In the United States monopoly of alcohol retail outlets appears to be associated with slightly higher liquor prices. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Addiction is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston MA, USA
      2Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston MA, USA
      3Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore MD, USA
    • Full Text Word Count:
      6295
    • ISSN:
      0965-2140
    • Accession Number:
      10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x
    • Accession Number:
      84943500
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SIEGEL, M. et al. Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States. Addiction, [s. l.], v. 108, n. 2, p. 339–347, 2013. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 23 set. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Siegel M, DeJong W, Albers AB, Naimi TS, Jernigan DH. Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States. Addiction. 2013;108(2):339-347. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x.
    • APA:
      Siegel, M., DeJong, W., Albers, A. B., Naimi, T. S., & Jernigan, D. H. (2013). Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States. Addiction, 108(2), 339–347. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Siegel, Michael, William DeJong, Alison B. Albers, Timothy S. Naimi, and David H. Jernigan. 2013. “Differences in Liquor Prices between Control State-Operated and License-State Retail Outlets in the United States.” Addiction 108 (2): 339–47. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x.
    • Harvard:
      Siegel, M. et al. (2013) ‘Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States’, Addiction, 108(2), pp. 339–347. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Siegel, M, DeJong, W, Albers, AB, Naimi, TS & Jernigan, DH 2013, ‘Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States’, Addiction, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 339–347, viewed 23 September 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Siegel, Michael, et al. “Differences in Liquor Prices between Control State-Operated and License-State Retail Outlets in the United States.” Addiction, vol. 108, no. 2, Feb. 2013, pp. 339–347. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Siegel, Michael, William DeJong, Alison B. Albers, Timothy S. Naimi, and David H. Jernigan. “Differences in Liquor Prices between Control State-Operated and License-State Retail Outlets in the United States.” Addiction 108, no. 2 (February 2013): 339–47. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04069.x.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Siegel M, DeJong W, Albers AB, Naimi TS, Jernigan DH. Differences in liquor prices between control state-operated and license-state retail outlets in the United States. Addiction [Internet]. 2013 Feb [cited 2019 Sep 23];108(2):339–47. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=84943500&custid=s8280428