Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons' Drug and Alcohol Use.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      alcohol use
      club management practices
      drug use
      nightclubs
      young adults
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      722410 Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages)
      238299 All other building equipment contractors
      236220 Commercial and Institutional Building Construction
      722511 Full-Service Restaurants
    • Abstract:
      Background: Electronic music and dance events in nightclubs attract patrons with heavy alcohol/drug use. Public health concerns are raised from risks related to these behaviors. Practices associated with increased risk in these club settings need to be identified. Objectives: The relationship between club management practices and biological measures of patrons' alcohol/drug use is examined. Methods: Observational data from 25 events across six urban clubs were integrated with survey data (N = 738 patrons, 42.8% female) from patrons exiting these events, 2010-2012. Five indicators of club management practices were examined using mixed model regressions: club security, bar crowding, safety signs, serving intoxicated patrons, and isolation. Results: Analyses revealed that serving intoxicated patrons and safety signs were related to substance use. Specifically, serving intoxicated patrons was related to heavy alcohol and drug use at exit, while safety signs were marginally related to less exit drug use. Conclusions/Importance: Findings indicate observable measures in nightclubs provide important indicators for alcohol/drug use, suggesting practices to target. Study strengths include the use of biological measures of substance use on a relatively large scale. Limitations and future directions are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Prevention Research Center, Oakland, California, USA
      2Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland, USA
    • Full Text Word Count:
      7896
    • ISSN:
      1082-6084
    • Accession Number:
      10.3109/10826084.2014.913630
    • Accession Number:
      99124338
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BYRNES, H. F. et al. Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use. Substance Use & Misuse, [s. l.], v. 49, n. 14, p. 1878–1887, 2014. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 22 set. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Byrnes HF, Miller BA, Johnson MB, Voas RB. Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use. Substance Use & Misuse. 2014;49(14):1878-1887. doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.913630.
    • APA:
      Byrnes, H. F., Miller, B. A., Johnson, M. B., & Voas, R. B. (2014). Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use. Substance Use & Misuse, 49(14), 1878–1887. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2014.913630
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Byrnes, Hilary F., Brenda A. Miller, Mark B. Johnson, and Robert B. Voas. 2014. “Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use.” Substance Use & Misuse 49 (14): 1878–87. doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.913630.
    • Harvard:
      Byrnes, H. F. et al. (2014) ‘Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use’, Substance Use & Misuse, 49(14), pp. 1878–1887. doi: 10.3109/10826084.2014.913630.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Byrnes, HF, Miller, BA, Johnson, MB & Voas, RB 2014, ‘Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use’, Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 49, no. 14, pp. 1878–1887, viewed 22 September 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Byrnes, Hilary F., et al. “Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use.” Substance Use & Misuse, vol. 49, no. 14, Dec. 2014, pp. 1878–1887. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.913630.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Byrnes, Hilary F., Brenda A. Miller, Mark B. Johnson, and Robert B. Voas. “Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use.” Substance Use & Misuse 49, no. 14 (December 2014): 1878–87. doi:10.3109/10826084.2014.913630.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Byrnes HF, Miller BA, Johnson MB, Voas RB. Indicators of Club Management Practices and Biological Measurements of Patrons’ Drug and Alcohol Use. Substance Use & Misuse [Internet]. 2014 Dec [cited 2019 Sep 22];49(14):1878–87. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=99124338&custid=s8280428