Relationship between body mass index and physical fitness in Italian prepubertal schoolchildren.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Public Library of Science Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 101285081 Publication Model: eCollection Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1932-6203 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 19326203 NLM ISO Abbreviation: PLoS One Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      The objective of this study was to investigate the association between physical fitness and body mass index categories (obesity, OB; overweight, OW; normal-weight, NW; and underweight, UW) in prepubertal children. Anthropometric and physical fitness characteristics were collected from a convenience sample of 30472 Italian schoolchildren (6-11 years old). Six field-based tests were used: Léger, agility shuttle, long jump, frontal throw of the basketball, Sit & Reach and standing balance. Significant differences were found in the anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and weight status prevalence between girls and boys (p<0.05) and, except for flexibility, by age class (p<0.05). Obese children performed worse than their NW counterparts in aerobic capacity (p<0.001), agility (p<0.001), muscular power of the lower limb (p<0.001) and balance (p<0.001). Conversely, children with obesity showed greater upper limb power than NW children (p<0.001). The discrepancy in physical fitness between OB and NW children increased in older girls (flexibility, p = 0.002; muscular power of the lower and upper limb, p = 0.002 and p = 0.005) and boys (aerobic capacity, p = 0.009; agility, p = 0.006; standing balance, p = 0.019; muscular power of the lower and upper limb, p<0.001 and p = 0.011) compared to their younger counterparts. On the other hand, UW children performed worse than NW children mainly in terms of muscular power of the arms (p<0.001). Additionally, there was an increasing disparity in the frontal throw test scores of UW and NW girls (p = 0.003) and boys (p = 0.011) in older children compared to younger children. In conclusion, the effect of body mass index on children's physical fitness intensifies with age. OB and OW negatively affect aerobic capacity, agility, lower limb power and balance but positively affect upper limb power. UW negatively affects upper limb power. This study underscores the importance of preventing childhood OW, OB, and UW in early life to promote children's health and proper fitness development.
      Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
    • References:
      Eur Heart J. 2015 Jun 7;36(22):1371-6. (PMID: 25810456)
      Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013 Jun;113(6):1415-22. (PMID: 23232709)
      Int J Sports Med. 2014 Jul;35(8):664-9. (PMID: 24424962)
      J Sports Sci. 2012;30(7):633-40. (PMID: 22348275)
      Br J Sports Med. 2010 Oct;44(13):934-43. (PMID: 19364756)
      Pediatr Exerc Sci. 2016 May;28(2):331-40. (PMID: 26394451)
      Pediatrics. 2018 Dec;142(6):. (PMID: 30478238)
      Pediatr Obes. 2016 Apr;11(2):144-50. (PMID: 25950151)
      Int J Obes (Lond). 2014 Sep;38 Suppl 2:S57-66. (PMID: 25376221)
      J Endocrinol Invest. 2006 Jul-Aug;29(7):581-93. (PMID: 16957405)
      Br J Sports Med. 2013 Jan;47(2):98-108. (PMID: 22021354)
      Eur J Pediatr. 2006 Dec;165(12):867-74. (PMID: 16775723)
      Obes Rev. 2010 Jan;11(1):2-10. (PMID: 19761508)
      Br J Sports Med. 2011 Jan;45(1):20-9. (PMID: 19700434)
      Health Promot Perspect. 2017 Sep 26;7(4):197-204. (PMID: 29085796)
      Public Health Nutr. 2015 Dec;18(17):3078-85. (PMID: 26021189)
      Cent Eur J Public Health. 2015 Dec;23(4):340-51. (PMID: 26841149)
      Eur J Clin Nutr. 2016 Oct;70(10):1203-1209. (PMID: 27117933)
      Rev Paul Pediatr. 2017 Apr-Jun;35(2):222-233. (PMID: 28977338)
      Int J Obes (Lond). 2007 Apr;31(4):637-43. (PMID: 17006443)
      Int J Obes (Lond). 2014 Sep;38 Suppl 2:S99-107. (PMID: 25376223)
      Eur J Sport Sci. 2016;16(2):271-8. (PMID: 25866877)
      Br J Sports Med. 2011 May;45(6):518-24. (PMID: 20961915)
      J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Nov;23(8):2295-310. (PMID: 19826295)
      Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2009 Jun;19(3):412-8. (PMID: 18466184)
      Am J Clin Nutr. 2003 Sep;78(3):471-9. (PMID: 12936931)
      Res Q Exerc Sport. 2009 Mar;80(1):1-11. (PMID: 19408462)
      Ann Hum Biol. 2017 May;44(3):208-213. (PMID: 27546583)
      Int J Sports Med. 2011 Mar;32(3):159-69. (PMID: 21165805)
      Pediatrics. 2007 Nov;120(5):e1262-8. (PMID: 17974719)
      Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 Mar;71(3):372-376. (PMID: 27924806)
      J Sch Health. 2014 Oct;84(10):625-35. (PMID: 25154526)
      BMC Public Health. 2019 May 21;19(1):618. (PMID: 31113403)
      Br J Sports Med. 2018 Nov;52(22):1445-14563. (PMID: 29191931)
      Obes Rev. 2008 Jan;9(1):4-10. (PMID: 17931348)
      Nutr Hosp. 2018 Oct 08;35(5):1208-1214. (PMID: 30307306)
      Lancet. 2014 Aug 30;384(9945):766-81. (PMID: 24880830)
      J Strength Cond Res. 2015 Aug;29(8):2277-85. (PMID: 25647647)
      Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000 Aug;82(5-6):425-38. (PMID: 10985597)
      Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2007 Jun 05;4:24. (PMID: 17550617)
      Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2018 Jul - Aug;61(2):142-150. (PMID: 29981771)
      Eur J Pediatr. 2011 Sep;170(9):1129-42. (PMID: 21318230)
      Int J Obes (Lond). 2008 Jan;32(1):1-11. (PMID: 18043605)
      Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2008 Apr;18(2):162-70. (PMID: 17490451)
      J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Oct 8;62(15):1309-19. (PMID: 23954339)
      J Sci Med Sport. 2019 Apr;22(4):430-437. (PMID: 30316738)
      Lancet. 2015 Jun 20;385(9986):2510-20. (PMID: 25703114)
      Am J Clin Nutr. 2012 Dec;96(6):1316-26. (PMID: 23076617)
      BMJ. 2007 Jul 28;335(7612):194. (PMID: 17591624)
      J Sports Sci. 1988 Summer;6(2):93-101. (PMID: 3184250)
      Int J Obes (Lond). 2016 Jul;40(7):1119-25. (PMID: 26857382)
      Mayo Clin Proc. 2017 Feb;92(2):251-265. (PMID: 28065514)
      Phys Ther. 2011 Jul;91(7):1087-95. (PMID: 21616933)
      Dev Med Child Neurol. 2018 Aug;60(8):810-819. (PMID: 29732550)
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20200523 Date Completed: 20200810 Latest Revision: 20200810
    • Publication Date:
      20221216
    • Accession Number:
      PMC7244112
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0233362
    • Accession Number:
      32442183