Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      AOSIS, 2019.
    • Publication Date:
      2019
    • Collection:
      LCC:The Bible
      LCC:Practical Theology
    • Abstract:
      Distance education (DE) has a long and complex history. It accounts for more than one-third of all higher education students in the world and, because of its very nature, has produced some of the top graduates worldwide who were unable to study fulltime and on-campus for various reasons. One of the most prestigious graduates of the DE system was the former state president of South Africa, the late Nelson Mandela. Online learning is a form of DE and fast becoming the preferred method of instruction and delivery. Critiques of online learning, and of DE itself, will argue that, because of the separation of the teacher and the student, only academic skills can be taught and learnt using this medium. The so-called ‘softer skills’ – those that focus on the development of the person – are best taught in a face-to-face, traditional environment. This article focuses on a review of DE theories and models. A particular emphasis is placed on online learning theories, and how the teaching of formational learning skills can be successfully incorporated into this educational setting. The article draws from a range of studies that have been conducted, based on conceptual and empirical research evidence from various authors. Drawing from Garrison, Anderson and Archer’s Community of Inquiry framework for online education, it presents key elements that relate to the formational (spiritual) training of theology students. The article examines research that both supports and cautions against online learning for formative development. It concludes by suggesting a blended model of both face-to-face and online learning, where meaningful interactions between the learner and teacher take place, is desirable. The article highlights the important role that DE (and specifically online education) can play in developing the human component of education.
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      0259-9422
      2072-8050
    • Relation:
      https://hts.org.za/index.php/hts/article/view/5345; https://doaj.org/toc/0259-9422; https://doaj.org/toc/2072-8050
    • Accession Number:
      10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345
    • Rights:
      Journal Licence: CC BY
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.08db1a9eb450aa39b9e61896cc902
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      JENNIFER J. ROBERTS. Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, [s. l.], n. 1, p. e1, 2019. DOI 10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.08db1a9eb450aa39b9e61896cc902&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 18 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Jennifer J. Roberts. Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies. 2019;(1):e1. doi:10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345.
    • APA:
      Jennifer J. Roberts. (2019). Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, (1), e1. https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Jennifer J. Roberts. 2019. “Online Learning as a Form of Distance Education: Linking Formation Learning in Theology to the Theories of Distance Education.” HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, no. 1: e1. doi:10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345.
    • Harvard:
      Jennifer J. Roberts (2019) ‘Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, (1), p. e1. doi: 10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Jennifer J. Roberts 2019, ‘Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education’, HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, no. 1, p. e1, viewed 18 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Jennifer J. Roberts. “Online Learning as a Form of Distance Education: Linking Formation Learning in Theology to the Theories of Distance Education.” HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, no. 1, 2019, p. e1. EBSCOhost, doi:10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Jennifer J. Roberts. “Online Learning as a Form of Distance Education: Linking Formation Learning in Theology to the Theories of Distance Education.” HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, no. 1 (2019): e1. doi:10.4102/hts.v75i1.5345.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Jennifer J. Roberts. Online learning as a form of distance education: Linking formation learning in theology to the theories of distance education. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2020 Jan 18];(1):e1. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.08db1a9eb450aa39b9e61896cc902&custid=s8280428