Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      BMC, 2019.
    • Publication Date:
      2019
    • Collection:
      LCC:Public aspects of medicine
    • Abstract:
      Abstract Background Good inventory management practices in the health facilities are one of the critical aspects that influence the availability of essential medicines (EMs). This study aimed to assess EMs availability and inventory management practices at health centers (HCs) of Adama town, Ethiopia. Method Institution based cross sectional survey was conducted among six HCs in Adama Town from March 19 to April 12, 2017. Self-administered questionnaire and observational checklists were used to collect quantitative information. Eleven tracer drugs (TDs) that were selected by the Federal ministry of health and included in the TD list of the HCs were used to assess the availability of EMs at the time of the survey; and during the past 12 months. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21. The accuracy of record keeping was assessed using inventory management assessment tool (IMAT) indicators. Result Five HCs had Essential drug list and the procurement was made as per the list. Out of six HCs, four of them procured EMs from both pharmaceutical fund and supply agency (PFSA) of Ethiopia and private suppliers. Stock status of PFSA and transportation were the major challenges during the procurement process. The overall average availability of TDs on the day of the survey was 76.3%. Average length of stock out days for TDs during the past 12 months from each HC was 40.6 days. Among the TDs assessed at HCs, oral rehydrating salt was stock outed for 144 days while paracetamol was stock outed only for 1.4 days. The discrepancy of TDs between physical count and on bincard for which physical inventory less than the balance on bincard ranges from 0 to 33.3%. Conclusion The availability of EMs was low and there was also poor inventory management practice in some of the HCs during the study period.
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      1472-6963
    • Relation:
      http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0; https://doaj.org/toc/1472-6963
    • Accession Number:
      10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0
    • Rights:
      Journal Licence: CC BY
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.0f07a7e21d894036a5a192b8fdfe6ad5
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ADANE TESHOME KEFALE; HAFIZA HAYREDIN SHEBO. Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia. BMC Health Services Research, [s. l.], n. 1, p. 1, 2019. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 18 nov. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Adane Teshome Kefale, Hafiza Hayredin Shebo. Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia. BMC Health Services Research. 2019;(1):1. doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0.
    • APA:
      Adane Teshome Kefale, & Hafiza Hayredin Shebo. (2019). Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia. BMC Health Services Research, (1), 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Adane Teshome Kefale, and Hafiza Hayredin Shebo. 2019. “Availability of Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Inventory Management Practice at Health Centers of Adama Town, Ethiopia.” BMC Health Services Research, no. 1: 1. doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0.
    • Harvard:
      Adane Teshome Kefale and Hafiza Hayredin Shebo (2019) ‘Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia’, BMC Health Services Research, (1), p. 1. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Adane Teshome Kefale & Hafiza Hayredin Shebo 2019, ‘Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia’, BMC Health Services Research, no. 1, p. 1, viewed 18 November 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Adane Teshome Kefale, and Hafiza Hayredin Shebo. “Availability of Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Inventory Management Practice at Health Centers of Adama Town, Ethiopia.” BMC Health Services Research, no. 1, 2019, p. 1. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Adane Teshome Kefale, and Hafiza Hayredin Shebo. “Availability of Essential Medicines and Pharmaceutical Inventory Management Practice at Health Centers of Adama Town, Ethiopia.” BMC Health Services Research, no. 1 (2019): 1. doi:10.1186/s12913-019-4087-0.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Adane Teshome Kefale, Hafiza Hayredin Shebo. Availability of essential medicines and pharmaceutical inventory management practice at health centers of Adama town, Ethiopia. BMC Health Services Research [Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Nov 18];(1):1. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.0f07a7e21d894036a5a192b8fdfe6ad5&custid=s8280428