High-Temperature Oxidation Behavior of Cr-Ni-Mo Hot-Work Die Steels

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      MDPI AG, 2022.
    • Publication Date:
      2022
    • Collection:
      LCC:Technology
      LCC:Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering
      LCC:Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
      LCC:Microscopy
      LCC:Descriptive and experimental mechanics
    • Abstract:
      The oxidation of 3Cr3Mo2NiW and 3CrNi3Mo steels was studied at 600 °C in air, and the test results suggest that the parabolic rate law fitted the oxidation kinetics of both steels. The microstructure, morphology, structure, and phase composition of the oxide film cross-sectional layers of the two Cr-Ni-Mo hot-work die steels were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The influences of Cr, Ni, and Mo on the high-temperature oxidation resistance of the two Cr-Ni-Mo hot-work die steels are discussed, and the oxidation mechanism is summarized. Heat-treated samples were analyzed using electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) to obtain inverse pole figures (IPFs) and average sample grain sizes, and the percentages of twin grain boundaries (TGBs) (θ = 60°) were also measured. After heat treatment, recrystallization was observed in both steels with a large portion of twin grain boundaries. After 10 h of oxidation, the dense chromium-rich oxide layer that formed in the inner oxide layer of 3Cr3Mo2NiW steel effectively prevented the continuation of oxidation. The inner oxide layer in 3CrNi3Mo steel formed an adhesion layer with a network structure composed mainly of Ni- and Cr-rich spinel oxide, without forming a barrier to prevent oxidation.
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      15155145
      1996-1944
    • Relation:
      https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/15/15/5145; https://doaj.org/toc/1996-1944
    • Accession Number:
      10.3390/ma15155145
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.4d31fdf3419841eeaa8c8d5237ff6786