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Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      MDPI AG, 2020.
    • Publication Date:
      2020
    • Collection:
      LCC:Environmental effects of industries and plants
      LCC:Renewable energy sources
      LCC:Environmental sciences
    • Abstract:
      This paper discusses the application of frame analysis as a method of designing and evaluating outdoor environmental education programs. In particular, it investigates what frames are communicated in these programs, why and how program leaders focus on communicating particular frames, and how students interact with these frames. Five outdoor environmental education programs for elementary school students were analyzed. We used a qualitative approach that combined field observation, interviews with program leaders (N = 15), qualitative findings based on questionnaires collected from the participants after completing the programs (N = 365), and interviews with some of the students (N = 10). According to the results, while the leaders intensively applied various surface frames to attract student interest and organize the program activities, the deep frames aimed for in the main program messages connected with the program goals often remained implicit and were not recognized by the students.
    • File Description:
      electronic resource
    • ISSN:
      2071-1050
    • Relation:
      https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/11/4451; https://doaj.org/toc/2071-1050
    • Accession Number:
      10.3390/su12114451
    • Rights:
      Journal Licence: CC BY
    • Accession Number:
      edsdoj.7e78b90f8bb847128d4db0b0f3b03cee
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      JAN ČINČERA et al. Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters. Sustainability, [s. l.], v. 12, n. 4451, p. 4451, 2020. DOI 10.3390/su12114451. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.7e78b90f8bb847128d4db0b0f3b03cee&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý, Petra Šimonová. Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters. Sustainability. 2020;12(4451):4451. doi:10.3390/su12114451.
    • AMA11:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý, Petra Šimonová. Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters. Sustainability. 2020;12(4451):4451. doi:10.3390/su12114451
    • APA:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý, & Petra Šimonová. (2020). Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters. Sustainability, 12(4451), 4451. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114451
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý, and Petra Šimonová. 2020. “Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters.” Sustainability 12 (4451): 4451. doi:10.3390/su12114451.
    • Harvard:
      Jan Činčera et al. (2020) ‘Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters’, Sustainability, 12(4451), p. 4451. doi: 10.3390/su12114451.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý & Petra Šimonová 2020, ‘Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters’, Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 4451, p. 4451, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Jan Činčera, et al. “Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters.” Sustainability, vol. 12, no. 4451, May 2020, p. 4451. EBSCOhost, doi:10.3390/su12114451.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý, and Petra Šimonová. “Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters.” Sustainability 12, no. 4451 (May 1, 2020): 4451. doi:10.3390/su12114451.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek, Miloslav Kolenatý, Petra Šimonová. Frames in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs: What We Communicate and Why We Think It Matters. Sustainability [Internet]. 2020 May 1 [cited 2020 Jul 4];12(4451):4451. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsdoj&AN=edsdoj.7e78b90f8bb847128d4db0b0f3b03cee&custid=s8280428