Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives

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  • Author(s): Chen, Ming 1, 2, 3; Qin, Xiaosheng 3, ⁎; Zeng, Guangming 1, 2
  • Source:
    In Special Issue: Environmental Biotechnology, Trends in Biotechnology September 2017 35(9):836-846
  • Publication Information:
    Elsevier Ltd
  • Document Type:
    Review Article
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      1 College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
      2 Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, China
      3 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 639798
    • Keywords:
      biodegradation
      carbon nanotube
      graphene
      graphene oxide
      microbe
      enzyme.
    • Abstract:
      Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene (GRA), and their derivatives are promising materials for a wide range of applications such as pollutant removal, enzyme immobilization, bioimaging, biosensors, and drug delivery and are rapidly increasing in use and increasingly mass produced. The biodegradation of carbon nanomaterials by microbes and enzymes is now of great importance for both reducing their toxicity to living organisms and removing them from the environment. Here we review recent progress in the biodegradation field from the point of view of the primary microbes and enzymes that can degrade these nanomaterials, along with experimental and molecular simulation methods for the exploration of nanomaterial degradation. Further efforts should primarily aim toward expanding the repertoire of microbes and enzymes and exploring optimal conditions for the degradation of nanomaterials.
    • ISSN:
      0167-7799
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001
    • Accession Number:
      S0167779916302049
    • Copyright:
      © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CHEN, M.; QIN, X.; ZENG, G. Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives. Trends in Biotechnology, [s. l.], v. 35, n. 9, p. 836–846, 2017. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 20 out. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Chen M, Qin X, Zeng G. Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives. Trends in Biotechnology. 2017;35(9):836-846. doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001.
    • APA:
      Chen, M., Qin, X., & Zeng, G. (2017). Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives. Trends in Biotechnology, 35(9), 836–846. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Chen, Ming, Xiaosheng Qin, and Guangming Zeng. 2017. “Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives.” Trends in Biotechnology 35 (9): 836–46. doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001.
    • Harvard:
      Chen, M., Qin, X. and Zeng, G. (2017) ‘Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives’, Trends in Biotechnology, 35(9), pp. 836–846. doi: 10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Chen, M, Qin, X & Zeng, G 2017, ‘Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives’, Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 836–846, viewed 20 October 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Chen, Ming, et al. “Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives.” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 35, no. 9, Sept. 2017, pp. 836–846. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Chen, Ming, Xiaosheng Qin, and Guangming Zeng. “Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives.” Trends in Biotechnology 35, no. 9 (September 1, 2017): 836–46. doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2016.12.001.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Chen M, Qin X, Zeng G. Biodegradation of Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, and Their Derivatives. Trends in Biotechnology [Internet]. 2017 Sep 1 [cited 2019 Oct 20];35(9):836–46. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0167779916302049&custid=s8280428