Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2013.
    • Publication Date:
      2013
    • Abstract:
      We constructed a three-dimensional azimuthally anisotropic model of Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean based on adjoint seismic tomography. Several features are well correlated with historical tectonic events in this region, such as extension along the North Atlantic Ridge, trench retreat in the Mediterranean, and counterclockwise rotation of the Anatolian Plate. Beneath northeastern Europe, the direction of the fast anisotropic axis follows trends of ancient rift systems older than 350 million years, suggesting "frozen-in" anisotropy related to the formation of the craton. Local anisotropic strength profiles identify the brittle-ductile transitions in lithospheric strength. In continental regions, these profiles also identify the lower crust, characterized by ductile flow. The observed anisotropic fabric is generally consistent with the current surface strain rate measured by geodetic surveys.
    • ISSN:
      00368075
      10959203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1126/science.1241335
    • Rights:
      Copyright © 2013 American Association for the Advancement of Science
    • Accession Number:
      edsjsr.23491253
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HEJUN ZHU; JEROEN TROMP. Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean. Science, [s. l.], v. 341, n. 6148, p. 871, 2013. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 set. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Hejun Zhu, Jeroen Tromp. Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean. Science. 2013;341(6148):871. doi:10.1126/science.1241335.
    • APA:
      Hejun Zhu, & Jeroen Tromp. (2013). Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean. Science, 341(6148), 871. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1241335
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Hejun Zhu, and Jeroen Tromp. 2013. “Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean.” Science 341 (6148): 871. doi:10.1126/science.1241335.
    • Harvard:
      Hejun Zhu and Jeroen Tromp (2013) ‘Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean’, Science, 341(6148), p. 871. doi: 10.1126/science.1241335.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Hejun Zhu & Jeroen Tromp 2013, ‘Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean’, Science, vol. 341, no. 6148, p. 871, viewed 16 September 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Hejun Zhu, and Jeroen Tromp. “Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean.” Science, vol. 341, no. 6148, 2013, p. 871. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1126/science.1241335.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Hejun Zhu, and Jeroen Tromp. “Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean.” Science 341, no. 6148 (2013): 871. doi:10.1126/science.1241335.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Hejun Zhu, Jeroen Tromp. Mapping Tectonic Deformation in the Crust and Upper Mantle Beneath Europe and the North Atlantic Ocean. Science [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2019 Sep 16];341(6148):871. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.23491253&custid=s8280428