Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      Springer, 2014.
    • Publication Date:
      2014
    • Abstract:
      Purpose The aims of the study were (1) to examine the associations between the psychological resorces general self-efficacy (GSE) and purpose in life (PIL), appraisals, coping and life satisfaction, and (2) to examine whether the effects of the psychological resources on life satisfaction are mediated by appraisals and coping, as proposed by the spinal cord injury adjustment model (SCIAM). Methods Cross-sectional multicenter study conducted with persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) living in the community in Switzerland (N = 516). Pearson's correlations were calculated for aim 1, and structural equation modeling was conducted to address aim 2. Results GSE (r = .48) and PIL (r = .58) were positively related to life satisfaction. The initial model corresponding to the SCIAM yielded a poor model fit. The final model had a good model fit [χ2 = 66.0, df = 21, p < .01, RMSEA = .065 (90 % confidence interval .048–.082), CFI = .97] explaining 57 % of variance of life satisfaction. PIL had a direct large effect on life satisfaction (β = .54). The influence of GSE on life satisfaction was mediated by loss appraisals. Avoidance, active and humor coping had small effects on life satisfaction. Conclusions Psychological resources have a substantial effect on life satisfaction in persons with SCI. Our results correspond with the SCIAM and its conceptualization of adjustment as a multifactorial process, but did not fully support the hypothesized mediation. PIL was strongly related to higher life satisfaction and may be a suitable intervention target to support persons with SCI.
    • ISSN:
      09629343
      15732649
    • Accession Number:
      edsjsr.24728051
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CLAUDIO PETER et al. Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources. Quality of Life Research, [s. l.], v. 23, n. 10, p. 2693, 2014. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 19 nov. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Claudio Peter, Rachel Müller, Alarcos Cieza, et al. Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources. Quality of Life Research. 2014;23(10):2693. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428. Accessed November 19, 2019.
    • APA:
      Claudio Peter, Rachel Müller, Alarcos Cieza, Marcel W. M. Post, Christel M. C. van Leeuwen, Christina S. Werner, & Szilvia Geyh. (2014). Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources. Quality of Life Research, 23(10), 2693. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Claudio Peter, Rachel Müller, Alarcos Cieza, Marcel W. M. Post, Christel M. C. van Leeuwen, Christina S. Werner, and Szilvia Geyh. 2014. “Modeling Life Satisfaction in Spinal Cord Injury: The Role of Psychological Resources.” Quality of Life Research 23 (10): 2693. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Claudio Peter et al. (2014) ‘Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources’, Quality of Life Research, 23(10), p. 2693. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 19 November 2019).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Claudio Peter, Rachel Müller, Alarcos Cieza, Marcel W. M. Post, Christel M. C. van Leeuwen, Christina S. Werner & Szilvia Geyh 2014, ‘Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources’, Quality of Life Research, vol. 23, no. 10, p. 2693, viewed 19 November 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Claudio Peter, et al. “Modeling Life Satisfaction in Spinal Cord Injury: The Role of Psychological Resources.” Quality of Life Research, vol. 23, no. 10, 2014, p. 2693. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Claudio Peter, Rachel Müller, Alarcos Cieza, Marcel W. M. Post, Christel M. C. van Leeuwen, Christina S. Werner, and Szilvia Geyh. “Modeling Life Satisfaction in Spinal Cord Injury: The Role of Psychological Resources.” Quality of Life Research 23, no. 10 (2014): 2693. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Claudio Peter, Rachel Müller, Alarcos Cieza, Marcel W. M. Post, Christel M. C. van Leeuwen, Christina S. Werner, et al. Modeling life satisfaction in spinal cord injury: the role of psychological resources. Quality of Life Research [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2019 Nov 19];23(10):2693. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.24728051&custid=s8280428