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Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Information:
      American Society for the Advancement of Science, 1998.
    • Publication Date:
      1998
    • Abstract:
      Analyses of underground temperature measurements from 358 boreholes in eastern North America, central Europe, southern Africa, and Australia indicate that, in the 20th century, the average surface temperature of Earth has increased by about 0.5°C and that the 20th century has been the warmest of the past five centuries. The subsurface temperatures also indicate that Earth's mean surface temperature has increased by about 1.0°C over the past five centuries. The geothermal data offer an independent confirmation of the unusual character of 20th-century climate that has emerged from recent multiproxy studies.
    • ISSN:
      00368075
      10959203
    • Rights:
      Copyright 1998 American Association for the Advancement of Science
    • Accession Number:
      edsjsr.2897669
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HENRY N. POLLACK; SHAOPENG HUANG; PO-YU SHEN. Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective. Science, [s. l.], v. 282, n. 5387, p. 279, 1998. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 6 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang, Po-Yu Shen. Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective. Science. 1998;282(5387):279. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428. Accessed August 6, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang, Po-Yu Shen. Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective. Science. 1998;282(5387):279. Accessed August 6, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428
    • APA:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang, & Po-Yu Shen. (1998). Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective. Science, 282(5387), 279.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang, and Po-Yu Shen. 1998. “Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective.” Science 282 (5387): 279. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang and Po-Yu Shen (1998) ‘Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective’, Science, 282(5387), p. 279. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 6 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang & Po-Yu Shen 1998, ‘Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective’, Science, vol. 282, no. 5387, p. 279, viewed 6 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Henry N. Pollack, et al. “Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective.” Science, vol. 282, no. 5387, 1998, p. 279. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang, and Po-Yu Shen. “Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective.” Science 282, no. 5387 (1998): 279. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Henry N. Pollack, Shaopeng Huang, Po-Yu Shen. Climate Change Record in Subsurface Temperatures: A Global Perspective. Science [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2020 Aug 6];282(5387):279. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.2897669&custid=s8280428