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PROSECUTORIAL REGULATION VERSUS PROSECUTORIAL ACCOUNTABILITY

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  • Source:
    University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 2009/04/01, Vol: 157, p959
  • Additional Information
    • Author:
      Stephanos Bibas
    • Citation:
      157 U. Pa. L. Rev. 959
    • Copyright:
      Copyright (c) 2009 University of Pennsylvania Law Review
    • Abstract:
      Introduction No government official in America has as much unreviewable power and discretion as the prosecutor. Legislators are checked by other legislators, the executive's veto, judicial review, and voters. Governors and the President are limited by legislation, legislative funding decisions, judicial review, and voters. Judges face appellate review by multiple layers of courts, and some face reelection. Administrative agencies are constrained by judicial review and laws such as the Administrative Procedure Act 1 and Government in the Sunshine Act. 2 Few of these forces meaningfully constrain prosecutors. They follow no Administrative Procedure Act, nor do they operate in the sunshine of public disclosure. While in theory the separation of powers should check prosecutors, in practice it does not. 3 Legislatures keep giving prosecutors more power, not less, by expanding overlapping criminal statutes and giving prosecutors more plea-bargaining tools. 4 Judges largely avoid interfering with prosecutorial decisions. They reason that juries will ultimately check charges, even though few cases make it to jury trials in a world of guilty pleas. Governors and Presidents exercise little or no control over line prosecutors' decisions. In theory, prosecutors are beholden to the public interest or justice. These concepts, however, are so diffuse and elastic that they do not constrain prosecutors much, certainly not in the way that an identifiable client would. As I have argued elsewhere, prosecution is a low-visibility process about which the public has poor information and little right to participate. 5 District attorneys' electoral contests are ...
    • Subject Terms:
    • Keywords:
      administrative
      prosecutorial
      identifiable
      legislatures
      meaningfully
      unreviewable
      introduction
      participate
      information
      prosecution
    • Accession Number:
      edslex041C1376
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BIBAS, S. Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, [s. l.], v. 157, p. 959, 2009. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 4 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Bibas S. Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability. University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 2009;157:959. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428. Accessed July 4, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Bibas S. Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability. University of Pennsylvania Law Review. 2009;157:959. Accessed July 4, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428
    • APA:
      Bibas, S. (2009). Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 157, 959.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Bibas, Stephanos. 2009. “Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 157 (April): 959. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Bibas, S. (2009) ‘Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 157, p. 959. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 4 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Bibas, S 2009, ‘Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability’, University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 157, p. 959, viewed 4 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Bibas, Stephanos. “Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review, vol. 157, Apr. 2009, p. 959. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Bibas, Stephanos. “Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 157 (April 1, 2009): 959. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Bibas S. Prosecutorial Regulation Versus Prosecutorial Accountability. University of Pennsylvania Law Review [Internet]. 2009 Apr 1 [cited 2020 Jul 4];157:959. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex041C1376&custid=s8280428