SETTLING ON AN INTERPRETATION OF 'INSTRUMENTALITY' IN THE FCPA

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  • Source:
    Columbia Business Law Review, 2013/01/01, Vol: 2013, p854
  • Additional Information
    • Author:
      Justin Epner
    • Citation:
      2013 COLUM. BUS. L. REV. 854
    • Copyright:
      Copyright (c) 2013 The Columbia Business Law Review
    • Abstract:
      I. INTRODUCTION Enforcing the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act ("FCPA") 1 is, according to some, the Department of Justice's top priority behind protecting the United States from terrorism. 2 Yet, despite its status as a powerful regulator of business conduct, the statute's key element is shrouded in mystery and only recently drew the attention of a federal circuit court for the first time. 3 The explosion in FCPA enforcement since the second George W. Bush administration has transformed the FCPA from an afterthought to a "crown-jewel practice" for major law firms, 4 as well as the subject of substantial media scrutiny. 5 In the wake of the Watergate scandal, Congress passed the FCPA in 1977. 6 The FCPA features two primary provisions. It mandates a series of bookkeeping measures designed to ensure a reasonable degree of oversight over a business entity's outgoing payments. 7 And, more significantly, the FCPA anti-bribery provisions grant the Department of Justice ("DOJ") and the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") authority to bring criminal or civil charges against corporations and individuals who bribe a "foreign official" in order to obtain a business advantage. 8 From 1977 until the early 2000s, DOJ and SEC brought just a few cases per year between them. 9 However, during President George W. Bush's second term, Alice Fisher, head of DOJ's Criminal Division, established a unit devoted exclusively to FCPA enforcement. 10 Staffed with only two prosecutors at its founding, the unit has grown tenfold in the few years since. ...
    • Subject Terms:
    • Keywords:
      administration
      significantly
      corporations
      afterthought
      introduction
      prosecutors
      exclusively
      established
      individuals
      bookkeeping
    • Accession Number:
      edslex95AE1862
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      EPNER, J. Settling on an Interpretation of “Instrumentality” in the Fcpa. Columbia Business Law Review, [s. l.], v. 2013, p. 854, 2013. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 15 out. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Epner J. Settling on an Interpretation of “Instrumentality” in the Fcpa. Columbia Business Law Review. 2013;2013:854. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428. Accessed October 15, 2019.
    • APA:
      Epner, J. (2013). Settling on an Interpretation of “Instrumentality” in the Fcpa. Columbia Business Law Review, 2013, 854. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Epner, Justin. 2013. “Settling on an Interpretation of ‘Instrumentality’ in the Fcpa.” Columbia Business Law Review 2013 (January): 854. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Epner, J. (2013) ‘Settling on an Interpretation of “Instrumentality” in the Fcpa’, Columbia Business Law Review, 2013, p. 854. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 15 October 2019).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Epner, J 2013, ‘Settling on an Interpretation of “Instrumentality” in the Fcpa’, Columbia Business Law Review, vol. 2013, p. 854, viewed 15 October 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Epner, Justin. “Settling on an Interpretation of ‘Instrumentality’ in the Fcpa.” Columbia Business Law Review, vol. 2013, Jan. 2013, p. 854. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Epner, Justin. “Settling on an Interpretation of ‘Instrumentality’ in the Fcpa.” Columbia Business Law Review 2013 (January 1, 2013): 854. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Epner J. Settling on an Interpretation of “Instrumentality” in the Fcpa. Columbia Business Law Review [Internet]. 2013 Jan 1 [cited 2019 Oct 15];2013:854. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edslex&AN=edslex95AE1862&custid=s8280428