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L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice?

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  • Author(s): Goulet, Mélissa, École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, Canada, Goulet, Mélissa, École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, Canada, ; Cantin, Stéphane, École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, Canada; Archambault, Isabelle, École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, Canada; Vitaro, Frank, École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, Montréal, PQ, Canada
  • Source:
    Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, Vol 47(2), Apr, 2015. pp. 141-152.
  • Publisher:
    US : Educational Publishing Foundation
  • Publication Type:
    Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
  • Document Type:
    Journal Article
  • Additional Information
    • Translated Title:
      The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator?
    • Address:
      Goulet, Mélissa, École de psychoéducation, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128 Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, PQ, Canada, H3C 3J7, melissa.goulet@umontreal.ca
    • Other Publishers:
      Canada : Canadian Psychological Association
      Canada : University of Toronto Press
    • Keywords:
      friendships, popularity, adolescence, friends’ characteristics, school engagement
    • Abstract:
      Friendships are a very important aspect of the teen years. The influence of friends can be observed in many domains, including school engagement. Affiliation with peers that are disengaged in school has been associated with an increase in students’ school disengagement during the high school years. Nevertheless, all students are not influenced by their friends in the same way. This study examines the moderating effect of adolescents’ peer-perceived popularity on the association between friends’ self-reported disengagement in school and subsequent changes in students’ own school disengagement. Specifically, the goal of this study was to evaluate whether popular students would be more sensitive to their friends’ negative influence (as implied in the popular youth socialization theory) or, in contrary, it would be the less popular students that are more sensitive to their friends’ negative influence (as implied in the social discrepancy theory). Data were collected during 2 consecutive years among 402 seventh and eigth graders (12–13 years old). We find that affiliation with disengaged friends predicts increases in school disengagement for popular students only. These results highlight the importance of social status as a moderating variable when trying to understand the influence of friends on student’s school adjustment in the early high school years. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)
    • Subject Terms:
    • PsycINFO Classification:
      Classroom Dynamics & Student Adjustment & Attitudes (3560)
    • Population:
      Human
      Male
      Female
    • Location:
      Canada
    • Age Group:
      Childhood (birth-12 yrs)
      School Age (6-12 yrs)
      Adolescence (13-17 yrs)
    • Tests & Measures:
      Peer Nomination Inventory   DOI: 10.1037/t36272-000
    • Methodology:
      Empirical Study; Quantitative Study
    • Physical Description:
      Electronic
    • Publication Date:
      First Posted: Nov 3, 2014; Accepted: Sep 8, 2014; Revised: Jun 26, 2014; First Submitted: Oct 10, 2012
    • Publication Date:
      20141103
    • Publication Date:
      20150406
    • Copyright:
      Canadian Psychological Association. 2014
    • Accession Number:
      http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038104
    • Accession Number:
      cbs-47-2-141
    • Accession Number:
      2014-45474-001
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GOULET, M. et al. L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator? Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, [s. l.], v. 47, n. 2, p. 141–152, 2015. DOI 10.1037/a0038104. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edspdh&AN=2014-45474-001&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 5 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Goulet M, Cantin S, Archambault I, Vitaro F. L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator? Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. 2015;47(2):141-152. doi:10.1037/a0038104.
    • AMA11:
      Goulet M, Cantin S, Archambault I, Vitaro F. L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator? Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement. 2015;47(2):141-152. doi:10.1037/a0038104
    • APA:
      Goulet, M., Cantin, S., Archambault, I., & Vitaro, F. (2015). L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator? Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, 47(2), 141–152. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038104
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Goulet, Mélissa, Stéphane Cantin, Isabelle Archambault, and Frank Vitaro. 2015. “L’influence Des Amis Sur l’engagement Scolaire Au Secondaire: La Popularité Des Élèves Comme Variable Modératrice? = The Influence of Friends on School Engagement in High School: The Popularity of Students as Moderator?” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement 47 (2): 141–52. doi:10.1037/a0038104.
    • Harvard:
      Goulet, M. et al. (2015) ‘L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator?’, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 47(2), pp. 141–152. doi: 10.1037/a0038104.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Goulet, M, Cantin, S, Archambault, I & Vitaro, F 2015, ‘L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator?’, Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 141–152, viewed 5 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Goulet, Mélissa, et al. “L’influence Des Amis Sur l’engagement Scolaire Au Secondaire: La Popularité Des Élèves Comme Variable Modératrice? = The Influence of Friends on School Engagement in High School: The Popularity of Students as Moderator?” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement, vol. 47, no. 2, Apr. 2015, pp. 141–152. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1037/a0038104.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Goulet, Mélissa, Stéphane Cantin, Isabelle Archambault, and Frank Vitaro. “L’influence Des Amis Sur l’engagement Scolaire Au Secondaire: La Popularité Des Élèves Comme Variable Modératrice? = The Influence of Friends on School Engagement in High School: The Popularity of Students as Moderator?” Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Comportement 47, no. 2 (April 2015): 141–52. doi:10.1037/a0038104.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Goulet M, Cantin S, Archambault I, Vitaro F. L’influence des amis sur l’engagement scolaire au secondaire: La popularité des élèves comme variable modératrice? = The influence of friends on school engagement in high school: The popularity of students as moderator? Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement [Internet]. 2015 Apr [cited 2020 Jul 5];47(2):141–52. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edspdh&AN=2014-45474-001&custid=s8280428