Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot

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  • Source:
    Education Commission of the States. 6 pp.
  • Publication Date:
    2018
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Reports - Evaluative
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Availability:
      Full Text from ERIC Available online: https://eric.ed.gov/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED581500
      Education Commission of the States. ECS Distribution Center, 700 Broadway Suite 1200, Denver, CO 80203-3460. Tel: 303-299-3692; Fax: 303-296-8332; e-mail: ecs@ecs.org; Web site: http://www.ecs.org
    • Peer Reviewed:
      N/A
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Suspensions and expulsions have long been employed in schools to discipline students for disruptive behavior and maintain a safe school environment. However, a growing body of research suggests that these types of disciplinary interventions negatively impact student achievement and increase both students' risk of dropping out and their likelihood of future involvement with the criminal justice system. The effects of these policies are more pronounced for students of color and students with disabilities, who have historically experienced higher rates of suspensions and expulsions. Recent national data show that black students in K-12 schools are 3.8 times as likely to be suspended, and twice as likely to be expelled, as white students. Similarly, students with disabilities are more than twice as likely to receive out-of-school suspensions as students without disabilities. These racial and gender disparities are evident as early as preschool, where black students are 3.6 times as likely to receive an out-of-school suspension as their white classmates.4 Additionally, while boys represent 54 percent of preschool enrollment, they constitute 79 percent of all suspended preschool children. Research indicates that a child's early educational experiences greatly influence their development and outcomes later in life, making these data particularly consequential. State policymakers have attempted to address these problems through legislation aimed at striking an appropriate balance between promoting a safe school environment and reducing the adverse effects of harsh disciplinary policies. Generally, recent legislative efforts to address school discipline policies have focused on: (1) Restricting suspension and expulsion by grade level and type of infraction; (2) Limiting the length of exclusion; (3) Implementing reporting requirements; and (4) Supporting re-engagement.
    • Abstract:
      ERIC
    • Number of References:
      0
    • Physical Description:
      6
    • Education Level:
      Elementary Secondary Education
    • Journal Code:
      MAY2018
    • Publication Date:
      2018
    • Accession Number:
      ED581500
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RAFA, A.; EDUCATION COMMISSION OF THE STATES. Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy SnapshotEducation Commission of the States. [s.l.] : Education Commission of the States, 2018. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 18 ago. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Rafa A, Education Commission of the States. Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot. Education Commission of the States; 2018. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428. Accessed August 18, 2019.
    • APA:
      Rafa, A., & Education Commission of the States. (2018). Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot. Education Commission of the States. Education Commission of the States. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rafa, Alyssa, and Education Commission of the States. 2018. “Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot.” Education Commission of the States. Education Commission of the States. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Rafa, A. and Education Commission of the States (2018) Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot, Education Commission of the States. Education Commission of the States. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 18 August 2019).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rafa, A & Education Commission of the States 2018, Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot, Education Commission of the States, 1 January, Education Commission of the States, viewed 18 August 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Rafa, Alyssa, and Education Commission of the States. “Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot.” Education Commission of the States, Education Commission of the States, 1 Jan. 2018. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rafa, Alyssa, and Education Commission of the States. “Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot.” Education Commission of the States. Education Commission of the States, January 1, 2018. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rafa A, Education Commission of the States. Suspension and Expulsion: What Is the Issue and Why Does It Matter? Policy Snapshot [Internet]. Education Commission of the States. Education Commission of the States; 2018 Jan [cited 2019 Aug 18]. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=ED581500&custid=s8280428