How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review

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  • Source:
    Health Education, v117 n1 p90-109 2017. 20 pp.
  • Accession Number:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/HE-01-2016-0004
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Availability:
      Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley, West Yorkshire, BD16 1WA, UK. Tel: +44-1274-777700; Fax: +44-1274-785201; e-mail: emerald@emeraldinsight.com; Web site: http://www.emeraldinsight.com
    • Peer Reviewed:
      Y
    • ISSN:
      0965-4283
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Purpose: Mental illness has become an important public health issue in society, and media are the most common sources of information about mental illnesses. Thus, it is important to review research on mental illnesses and media. The purpose of this paper is to provide a narrative review of studies on mental illnesses in the media and identifies important research gaps. Design/methodology/approach: A combination of searching key databases and examining reference lists of selected articles was used to identify relevant articles. In total, 41 empirical studies published in the last 12 years were reviewed. Findings: The review found that substantial research had been done to investigate media portrayals of mental illnesses and the effects of such portrayals might have on the public. Media still portray mental illnesses negatively in general, which contributes to the ongoing mental illness stigmatization. Nonetheless, discussions of mental illnesses in direct-to-consumer advertisements and social media tend to be more objective and informative. These objective portrayals could help improve mental health literacy and reduce stigma. More importantly, media can also reduce the stigma if used strategically. Research has found that entertainment-education programs and web-based media have strong potential in reducing mental illness stigma. Recommendations for future research are also discussed. Practical implications: Findings can guide future efforts to use media to educate the public about mental illnesses and reduce mental illness stigma. Originality/value: This study reviews the most recent research on mental illnesses in the media and provides important references on the media representation of mental illnesses, media effects of such representation, and using media to reduce stigma.
    • Abstract:
      As Provided
    • Number of References:
      62
    • Physical Description:
      20
    • Journal Code:
      APR2018
    • Publication Date:
      2017
    • Accession Number:
      EJ1124676
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MA, Z. How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review. Health Education, [s. l.], v. 117, n. 1, p. 90–109, 2017. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 18 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Ma Z. How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review. Health Education. 2017;117(1):90-109. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428. Accessed January 18, 2020.
    • APA:
      Ma, Z. (2017). How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review. Health Education, 117(1), 90–109. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Ma, Zexin. 2017. “How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review.” Health Education 117 (1): 90–109. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Ma, Z. (2017) ‘How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review’, Health Education, 117(1), pp. 90–109. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 18 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Ma, Z 2017, ‘How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review’, Health Education, vol. 117, no. 1, pp. 90–109, viewed 18 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Ma, Zexin. “How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review.” Health Education, vol. 117, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 90–109. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Ma, Zexin. “How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review.” Health Education 117, no. 1 (January 1, 2017): 90–109. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Ma Z. How the Media Cover Mental Illnesses: A Review. Health Education [Internet]. 2017 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Jan 18];117(1):90–109. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1124676&custid=s8280428