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The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition

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  • Source:
    Journal of Research in Reading, v43 n1 p19-40 Feb 2020. 22 pp.
  • Accession Number:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9817.12287
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Articles; Reports - Research
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
      Guerin, Julia M. (ORCID 0000-0001-6043-9259) ; Sylvia, Allison M.; Yolton, Kimberly; Mano, Quintino R. (ORCID 0000-0001-8968-1735)
    • Availability:
      Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: cs-journals@wiley.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA
    • Peer Reviewed:
      Y
    • ISSN:
      0141-0423
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Multiple perspectives on cognitive development, including Cattell's Investment Theory (1963, 1987), suggest that fluid reasoning (Gf) is foundational to the development of academic knowledge and skills. Yet little is known of the role that Gf may play in reading achievement, particularly in comparison with a larger literature demonstrating an influential role of crystallised intelligence (Gc) in word recognition. Given the novelty of word recognition for early readers, it is likely that Gf plays an influential role in literacy acquisition. Method: Using regression-based mediation analysis, the present study examined performance of preschool children (n = 154) and college-aged adults (n = 114) on measures of Gf, Gc, phonemic decoding and word recognition. Results: Results show that Gf has a significant direct effect on word recognition among preschoolers but not among adults. Moreover, among preschoolers, Gf exerted an effect indirectly on word recognition through phonemic decoding (i.e., Gf ? phonemic decoding ?word recognition), as well as through a serial and joint mechanism of Gc and phonemic decoding (i.e., Gf ?Gc ?phonemic decoding ?word recognition). However, among adults, Gf exerted an effect onto word recognition only through this joint and serial mechanism and not singularly through phonemic decoding. Conclusions: Present findings link theories of cognitive development with models of reading development, suggesting that while Gf may both directly and indirectly invest in word recognition during early literacy acquisition, this investment may "shift" in adulthood such that Gf exerts only indirect effects through crystallised knowledge and skills (i.e., Gc and phonemic decoding).
    • Abstract:
      As Provided
    • Number of References:
      -1
    • Physical Description:
      22
    • Education Level:
      Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
    • Journal Code:
      APR2020
    • Publication Date:
      2020
    • Accession Number:
      EJ1240958
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GUERIN, J. M. et al. The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition. Journal of Research in Reading, [s. l.], v. 43, n. 1, p. 19–40, 2020. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 6 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Guerin JM, Sylvia AM, Yolton K, Mano QR. The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition. Journal of Research in Reading. 2020;43(1):19-40. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428. Accessed July 6, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Guerin JM, Sylvia AM, Yolton K, Mano QR. The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition. Journal of Research in Reading. 2020;43(1):19-40. Accessed July 6, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428
    • APA:
      Guerin, J. M., Sylvia, A. M., Yolton, K., & Mano, Q. R. (2020). The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition. Journal of Research in Reading, 43(1), 19–40.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Guerin, Julia M., Allison M. Sylvia, Kimberly Yolton, and Quintino R. Mano. 2020. “The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition.” Journal of Research in Reading 43 (1): 19–40. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Guerin, J. M. et al. (2020) ‘The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition’, Journal of Research in Reading, 43(1), pp. 19–40. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 6 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Guerin, JM, Sylvia, AM, Yolton, K & Mano, QR 2020, ‘The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition’, Journal of Research in Reading, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 19–40, viewed 6 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Guerin, Julia M., et al. “The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition.” Journal of Research in Reading, vol. 43, no. 1, Feb. 2020, pp. 19–40. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Guerin, Julia M., Allison M. Sylvia, Kimberly Yolton, and Quintino R. Mano. “The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition.” Journal of Research in Reading 43, no. 1 (February 1, 2020): 19–40. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Guerin JM, Sylvia AM, Yolton K, Mano QR. The Role of Fluid Reasoning in Word Recognition. Journal of Research in Reading [Internet]. 2020 Feb 1 [cited 2020 Jul 6];43(1):19–40. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ1240958&custid=s8280428