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Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition

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  • Source:
    Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v37 n4 p861-873 Jul 2011. 13 pp.
  • Accession Number:
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0022798
  • Language:
    English
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Articles; Reports - Research
  • Additional Information
    • Author(s):
    • Availability:
      American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
    • Peer Reviewed:
      Y
    • ISSN:
      0278-7393
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Keyword:
      California, Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Revised), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
    • Abstract:
      Whether recollection is a threshold or signal detection process is highly controversial, and the controversy has centered in part on the shape of receiver operating characteristics (ROCs) and z-transformed ROCs (zROCs). U-shaped zROCs observed in tests thought to rely heavily on recollection, such as source memory tests, have provided evidence in favor of the threshold assumption, but zROCs are not always as U-shaped as threshold theory predicts. Source zROCs have been shown to become more linear when the contribution of familiarity to source discriminations is increased, and this may account for the existing results. However, another way in which source zROCs may become more linear is if the recollection threshold begins to break down and recollection becomes more graded and Gaussian. We tested the "graded recollection" account in the current study. We found that increasing stimulus complexity (i.e., changing from single words to sentences) or increasing source complexity (i.e., changing the sources from audio to videos of speakers) resulted in flatter source zROCs. In addition, conditions expected to reduce recollection (i.e., divided attention and amnesia) had comparable effects on source memory in simple and complex conditions, suggesting that differences between simple and complex conditions were due to differences in the nature of recollection, rather than differences in the utility of familiarity. The results suggest that under conditions of high complexity, recollection can appear more graded, and it can produce curved ROCs. The results have implications for measurement models and for current theories of recognition memory. (Contains 2 tables, 8 figures and 3 footnotes.)
    • Abstract:
      As Provided
    • Number of References:
      39
    • Physical Description:
      13
    • Education Level:
      Higher Education
    • Journal Code:
      APR2018
    • Publication Date:
      2011
    • Accession Number:
      EJ934498
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PARKS, C. M. et al. Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, [s. l.], v. 37, n. 4, p. 861–873, 2011. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 15 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Parks CM, Murray LJ, Elfman K, Yonelinas AP. Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2011;37(4):861-873. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428. Accessed July 15, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Parks CM, Murray LJ, Elfman K, Yonelinas AP. Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 2011;37(4):861-873. Accessed July 15, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428
    • APA:
      Parks, C. M., Murray, L. J., Elfman, K., & Yonelinas, A. P. (2011). Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(4), 861–873.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Parks, Colleen M., Linda J. Murray, Kane Elfman, and Andrew P. Yonelinas. 2011. “Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition.” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 37 (4): 861–73. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Parks, C. M. et al. (2011) ‘Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37(4), pp. 861–873. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 15 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Parks, CM, Murray, LJ, Elfman, K & Yonelinas, AP 2011, ‘Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 861–873, viewed 15 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Parks, Colleen M., et al. “Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition.” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, vol. 37, no. 4, July 2011, pp. 861–873. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Parks, Colleen M., Linda J. Murray, Kane Elfman, and Andrew P. Yonelinas. “Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition.” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 37, no. 4 (July 1, 2011): 861–73. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Parks CM, Murray LJ, Elfman K, Yonelinas AP. Variations in Recollection: The Effects of Complexity on Source Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition [Internet]. 2011 Jul 1 [cited 2020 Jul 15];37(4):861–73. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=eric&AN=EJ934498&custid=s8280428