Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma

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  • Author(s): Will, Barbara
  • Series:
    Gender and Culture
  • Publication Information:
    New York : Columbia University Press. 2011
  • Additional Information
    • Publication Type:
      eBook.
    • Abstract:
      In 1941, the Jewish American writer and avant-garde icon Gertrude Stein embarked on one of the strangest intellectual projects of her life: translating for an American audience the speeches of Marshal Philippe Pétain, head of state for the collaborationist Vichy government. From 1941 to 1943, Stein translated thirty-two of Pétain's speeches, in which he outlined the Vichy policy barring Jews and other'foreign elements'from the public sphere while calling for France to reconcile with Nazi occupiers.Unlikely Collaboration pursues troubling questions: Why and under what circumstances would Stein undertake this project? The answers lie in Stein's link to the man at the core of this controversy: Bernard Faÿ, Stein's apparent Vichy protector. Faÿ was director of the Bibliothèque Nationale during the Vichy regime and overseer of the repression of French freemasons. He convinced Pétain to keep Stein undisturbed during the war and, in turn, encouraged her to translate Pétain for American audiences. Yet Faÿ's protection was not coercive. Stein described the thinker as her chief intellectual companion during her final years. Barbara Will outlines the formative powers of this relationship, noting possible affinities between Stein and Faÿ's political and aesthetic ideals, especially their reflection in Stein's writing from the late 1920s to the 1940s. Will treats their interaction as a case study of intellectual life during wartime France and an indication of America's place in the Vichy imagination. Her book forces a reconsideration of modernism and fascism, asking what led so many within the avant-garde toward fascist and collaborationist thought. Touching off a potential powder keg of critical dispute, Will replays a collaboration that proves essential to understanding fascism and the remaking of modern Europe.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Related ISBNs:
      9780231152624. 9780231526418.
    • Accession Number:
      759000848
    • Accession Number:
      399883
    • Publication Information:
      Print/Save 100 pages
      Copy/Paste Restricted
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WILL, B. Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. ISBN 9780231152624. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428. Acesso em: 9 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Will B. Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. New York: Columbia University Press; 2011. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428. Accessed December 9, 2019.
    • APA:
      Will, B. (2011). Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. New York: Columbia University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Will, Barbara. 2011. Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. Gender and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428.
    • Harvard:
      Will, B. (2011) Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. New York: Columbia University Press (Gender and Culture). Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428 (Accessed: 9 December 2019).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Will, B 2011, Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma, Gender and Culture, Columbia University Press, New York, viewed 9 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Will, Barbara. Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. Columbia University Press, 2011. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Will, Barbara. Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma. Gender and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Will B. Unlikely Collaboration : Gertrude Stein, Bernard Faÿ, and the Vichy Dilemma [Internet]. New York: Columbia University Press; 2011 [cited 2019 Dec 9]. (Gender and Culture). Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=399883&custid=s8280428

Reviews

PW Reviews 2011 July #3

What was Gertrude Stein, that inimitable Jewish-American doyenne of experimental writing, doing translating for American audiences the speeches of Marshal Philippe Pétain, the head of the WWII collaborationist Vichy regime? In this brilliant and fascinating study, Stein specialist Will (Gertrude Stein, Modernism, and the Problem of "Genius") answers this question through a close reading of Stein's writings, a detailed examination of Stein's and Bernard Faÿ's attraction to Pétain's conservative politics, and Stein's friendship with Faÿ, a Frenchman who moved in both artistic and far right-wing circles and collaborated with the Nazis. Will demonstrates that the pair were reactionary modernists who believed that the democratic ideas of the French Revolution ushered in the decadence characteristic of the early 20th-century French Republic and that the U.S. was going through a similar decline. Pétain captured the pair's imagination and allegiance by articulating a program for returning France to the vitality and pioneering spirit of its pre-Enlightenment agrarian roots. Will shows that Stein never publicly affiliated herself as a Jew, especially after she moved to Paris in 1903. This exceptional study provides new insights into previously hidden corners of Stein's life. Photos. (Sept.)

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